There are two levels of discrimination laws. The first is at the federal level and the second is at the state level. When looking at employment discrimination, the federal and state laws tend to be fairly similar. However, some states have made changes in their laws to expand them over the federal requirements. Understanding Florida's employment discrimination laws can help you when looking for a job or employing others.
The Florida Statutes explains certain groups have protection under employment discrimination laws. This protection includes the right to be free from discriminatory actions based on your marital status, national origin, race, sex, pregnancy status, age, color, handicap or religion. The law also specifies the different actions in which an employer may not discriminate. These include extending privileges, providing promotions, in the determination of wages and during hiring and firing practices.
These laws apply to all employers, but there is an exception. Religious organizations do have the right to consider religious affiliation during employment practices when hiring. In addition, if an occupational qualification means a certain group cannot work in a certain position then it is not discrimination to exclude that group.
One thing of note about these laws are there is no protection in this state for LGBTQ. The state has yet to update its laws to stay in line with social changes. Other states have made changes to their discrimination laws, so in the future, Florida may as well. This information is for education only. It is not legal advice.